Exercise: Progressive Muscle Relaxation

Exercise: Progressive Muscle Relaxation


Practicing this muscle relaxation technique for stress reduction doesn’t require much exertion for it to be effective.  Perhaps this is why it has become so popular. This simple exercise uses subtle movements, and self-awareness, to relieve tension and achieve relaxation.

This exercise is based on the idea that it’s easier to relax muscles by making smaller movements to relieve tension. Muscular tension is closely related to body pain and headaches.  Often we have this tension present consistently, to the point where you haven’t even realized they were there.

By tightening each muscle group and then releasing, you start to feel more relaxed and less stressed. It’s all about exaggerating each conscious movement and releasing it slowly – this makes you more aware of your muscles and to when you’re holding tension.

Becoming consciously aware of what is happening inside your body gives you the opportunity to reduce your stress levels, before they have a chance to get out of control.


How to do progressive muscle relaxation

The first step is finding a room to practice this – it should be relatively quiet, dimly lit, and you should be able to sit comfortably or lie down.

  • Close your eyes and start breathing deeply through your nose. Hold your breath for just a few seconds and then release it through your lips. Do this several times and imagine that your body is becoming heavy and warm. Release tension that you become aware of.


  • Continue to breathe slowly and clench both of your fists, tightening your biceps and holding the tension for a few seconds. Now release the tension and let it ebb away. Your focus should be on the changing sensations in your muscles. As you allow the tension to flow from your arms, hands, and fingers keep your hands open to shake off the remnants.


You should continue this pattern through each of the major muscle groups in the body.

  • Start by raising your brows and furrowing your forehead. Then squeeze your eyes closed as tightly as possible, and then clench your teeth. Finally, squeeze your face all together (like a child might do after eating lemon for the first time).


  • Pull your chin toward your chest slowly and then turn your head to the right before turning it to the right. You should keep your shoulders relaxed, but straight, while you practice this technique.


  • Puff your chest out and take a deep breath (now hold it for five seconds) before slowly releasing it.


  • Shrug your shoulders, pushing them back for a few seconds, relax and then pull them forward.


  • Upper Back. You will want to sit in a chair for this one and allow your back to rest against the chair and then push your body so that your back arches. If this is uncomfortable or causes you pain then you should skip to the next one.


  • Pull your stomach in and then push it out, tensing it as though you were expecting a blow.


  • Lift your leg and tense your calf and thigh muscles (prepare for cramping) and bring your toes toward you. Do each leg in turn first and then raise both of them before finally pointing your toes out as far as possible.


  • Point your toes (all while keeping your legs down) and then pull them toward you before finally digging into the floor. You should breathe deeply while you practice this exercise.


As you work through each group of muscles, you will feel warmth enveloping your body as you finally relax. After you complete the exercise, take some down time and allow your muscles to rest. Just enjoy the relaxation before you rush back into action. You’re transitioning from total relaxation so you don’t want to undo your hard work by jumping up and diving back into your day.

While the total amount of time required to complete this exercise will vary from person to person it really doesn’t take much time. It’s important to give yourself enough time to pause for 30 seconds between muscle groups, and to enjoy the peace once you have finished.

You may choose to do this in total silence, but relaxing music is an effective way to block out any background noise, which may break your focus.

Try and make this a regular practice (perhaps once or twice a day if you are highly stressed)  to get the maximum benefits.